Broken bones are more common than people think. One misstep can end in one or more broken bones. It is especially true for the elderly and those with bone density problems. As we age, bones can become more fragile and brittle. Conversely, some medical conditions can also be the cause.
Traumatic events such as vehicular or pedestrian accidents are the leading cause of severe fractures and falls. How the person ends up with a broken bone won’t affect treatment, as long as the people caring for it have enough knowledge about fracture management:
- All fractures need medical attention
Because there may be damage under the skin that is not visible, the fracture may be more severe than expected. It is best to take the person to the emergency department for X-rays to verify what is going on.
Once the person has stabilized and the fracture site is clear, transport them to the nearest medical facility for help. Always treat a fracture as significant damage by using appropriate medical devices from rebuttable medical suppliers, such as: Sam Medical Store to prevent further injury.
- There are different types of fractures
Some fractures are closed, meaning they don’t penetrate the skin, and others may be open with bits of bone poking through the skin. Not all fractures are equally serious injuries, as a hairline fracture is also possible if there is a small crack in the bone and is not through and through.
Other types of fractures most commonly seen include:
- Partial Fractures – The bone is not completely broken
- Complete Fractures – The bone is cut into two or more pieces
- Stable fracture – The ends of the broken bone lined up and didn’t move much in place
- Moved fraction – The ends of the bone are separated and may need surgery to correct.
A fracture can cause tremendous pain to the person, and complications may arise that others may not be aware of at first glance. A medical professional should treat any of the above types of fractures and consider them a medical emergency.
It is imperative to avoid excessive bleeding in an emergency as it can cause a range of complications for the person if left unchecked. Use sterile gauze or towel material to cover the open area for larger bleeding.
Remember not to put pressure on the wound. If there is a fracture, applying extra pressure to the area can damage more internal structures. You should keep the area covered to reduce bleeding. In addition, it would be best to prioritize stopping the bleeding, as significant blood loss can cause irregularities in the heartbeat and a lack of oxygen to the brain.
- Do not move the limb too much
Patients with suspected fractures will clearly indicate that they are in pain, and moving the limb aggravates it. For this reason, the area should not be disturbed too much unless it needs to be treated for bleeding or when applying a splint.
In addition, the sharp edges of the broken bones can cut through surrounding tissue, muscles and blood vessels if there is too much movement. The fragility of the other structures around the fracture is why a splint should support the area.
A splint is usually anything that helps immobilize the limb, but most emergency kits come with ready-made splints in various sizes. Some are made of plastic while others can be several layers of thick cardboard or even wood.
if there is no splint availableuse wooden planks, broomsticks or something similar to make one to apply to the broken or injured area.
- Ice Packs Can Help With Swelling
Most doctors will recommend adding ice packs to the affected area for muscle and joint injuries. It can reduce swelling and slow blood flow to the site to somewhat prevent bleeding.
Never put the cold pack or ice directly on the skin. Instead, wrap it in a towel or cloth before applying it to the injured area. Listen to the injured person and ask them if they are comfortable during the application. Also, do not apply pressure if there are injuries that cannot be seen visibly.
- Check the person for signs of shock
Those involved might be startled by their injuries caused by the traumatic situation. When this happens, the person becomes overwhelmed. Signs of shock may include:
- shortness of breath
- Fast heart rate and pulse
- Cold, clammy skin
If any of these are present, the person appears to be in distress, take them to the emergency room as soon as possible. Keep an eye on their condition as they lift their legs and keep their heads down. When the person shows severe signs of distress, it may be best to call emergency services.
- Know when to call an ambulance
Depending on the injury and the amount of damage the person has to their body or injured limb, they may need expert medical care quickly. Especially after a car accident where there are numerous injuries to the body. The first person to help an injured person should pay attention to these signs to call an ambulance as soon as possible:
- The person does not respond to his name or is not conscious.
- They have severe difficulty breathing or no heartbeat.
- Their injured limb appears severely deformed and is excruciatingly painful.
- Pieces of bone sticking out of the skin.
- A bluish discoloration is visible at the end of the limb, such as in the fingers or toes.
- If a person may have a head or spinal injury, do not attempt to move them and call for help as soon as possible.
Begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if the person has no heartbeat or is not breathing. It can save the person’s life and aid in recovery while waiting for the arrival of medical personnel.
See also Best Orthopedic Surgeon in India.
Fractures can be a serious medical emergency and first responders can do more harm than good if they don’t know how to handle the situation properly. Being aware of the most basic information about fractures can give the first responder the confidence to help an injured person who needs life-saving skills.
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