While official policies can bring about widespread change, the ideas of those acting alone can spread and inspire others, especially when given time to work, such as a 10-year effort that led to the tagging of 800 sharks in the South Pacific. Atlantic Ocean.
Anglers who used to kill sharks now help to conserve them. In San Blas Bay – the heart of Argentina’s sport fishing – catching and killing a shark was a source of pride, despite the decline in shark populations, including critically endangered species. Now, thanks to a project known as Conserving Sharks in Argentina, some 150 anglers are tagging sharks with identification devices and releasing them back into the ocean, providing researchers with useful information to help design conservation strategies.
Why we wrote this
Governments and large institutions have the power to make major changes for people that individuals cannot achieve alone. In Morocco, increasing parental leave for fathers is a recognition of the shared responsibility for children. And in Vietnam, an evaluation of ten years of poverty in the whole society shows.
The effort is proof that everyone can make a difference when it comes to conservation. Angler David Dau was not a biologist but started the project 10 years ago after realizing the damage he and others were doing. He spread his message far and wide, wrote magazine articles, lectured at fishing clubs, and made TV appearances. The approach has not caught on in neighboring countries, but Mr Dau says he sees change taking place. “Today the trophy shows the video of the release instead of the shark hanging on a hook.”
2. United States
Harvard University has pledged $100 million to address its historic complicity in slavery. The move follows an in-depth report on how slavery has shaped and benefited the institution, from the enslaved people who worked on campus to the university’s wealth that came directly or indirectly from the plantation industry. . The funds will be used to implement the report’s recommendations, including expanding educational opportunities for descendants of enslaved people and creating partnerships with historically black colleges and universities.
Harvard is one of many institutions that have benefited from the history of slavery. “While Harvard does not bear sole responsibility for these injustices, and while many members of our community have worked hard to counter them, Harvard has benefited from practices that were deeply immoral and in some ways perpetuated,” said university president. Lawrence Bacow.
According to a recent study, daily use of Barcelona’s metropolitan bike path network increased by 49% between 2019 and 2021. The metropolitan area of Barcelona, which includes Barcelona and 36 nearby municipalities, launched the massive cycling system known as Bicivía in 2016 to promote more sustainable and healthier transport, and has built more than 400 kilometers of trails to date. The study found that scooter use increased by 123%, while bicycle use increased by a more moderate but still significant 34%.
Growth was higher in less central regions and coastal areas than in the city of Barcelona, which has its own network of cycle paths and has been promoting their use for some time. Nevertheless, the preliminary data is encouraging for city planners. “When the infrastructure is created, citizens are committed to changing their habits and taking advantage of it,” said Antoni Poveda, vice president of mobility, transport and sustainability of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona.
Intelligent transport, 20 minutes
Morocco has extended paid paternity leave from three to 15 days for civil servants. While the country’s labor laws grant mothers 14 weeks of maternity leave, fathers have often been left out of the conversation. In coordination with unions, the government is also improving conditions for working-class people with increased national minimum wages and increased financial support for families with more than three children.
While the paid leave only applies to public sector employees, proponents see it as the beginning of a more equitable parenting dynamic. For Ghita Mezzour, the deputy minister in charge of digital transition and administrative reform, the support is as much for mothers as it is for fathers: “The measure is in line with the constitution which states that the education of children is a common and shared responsibility.”
Morocco World News
According to the World Bank’s Vietnam Poverty and Equity Assessment in 2022, the poverty rate in Vietnam has fallen from 16.8% to 5% in the decade leading up to 2020. That’s the equivalent of 10 million people living above the poverty line thanks to rising wages and an increase in formal employment, especially in the manufacturing and service sectors. Foreign investment created new, better-paid jobs, while international tourism grew from 5 million to 18 million visitors. Overall, the average household wage tripled.
While inequality increased slightly in the second half of the decade and the pandemic has slowed down poverty alleviation, the past 10 years have set Vietnam on a promising path. To continue the trend in poverty reduction, the World Bank recommends investing in higher education, ensuring social assistance programs reach the poorest households and expanding the country’s tax base.