Scientists Jonathan Napier and Cathie Martin recall that they needed armed guards and high fences to protect their research sites.
Genetically modified (GM) food crops have been targeted by activists concerned about genetic engineering.
But the strict laws for their crops are now changing fast
So are the definitions of what is called genetically modified food and what is not.
What could this mean for your plate?
And have scientists learned anything from the heated debates surrounding GM about better involving citizens in research decisions?
Senior employee, involved
Member, Nuffield Council on Bioethics
Professor Michael Jones
Professor of Agricultural Biotechnology
Establishment of the WA State Agricultural Biotechnology Center
Professor Cathie Martin
John Innes Centre, UK
Professor Jonathan Napier
Plant scientist and metabolic engineer
Rothamsted Research, UK
Biofortified tomatoes offer a new route to vitamin D adequacy (Nature, 2022)
CRISPR editing of plants and animals gets green light in Australia. What now? (2019)
Genetic Engineering (Precision Breeding) Bill (UK)
Nuffield Council’s Commentary on the UK’s Genetic Technology (Precision Breeding) Bill
The Australian Gene Technology Regulatory System
CRISPR co-inventor Jennifer Doudna, and debating the ethics of gene editing
Make happier animals? Gene editing in the yard (2017)