How your income affects your health

SOURCES:

American Journal of Public Health: “Removable Deaths Associated with Family Income in Virginia,” “Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Hypertension: Rethinking the Role of Chronic Stress.”

American Journal of Public MedicineTo: “Neighborhood Environments.”

APM reports: “House poor, rich in pollution.”

BMC Public Health: “Associations between perceived stress, socioeconomic status and health risk behavior in deprived neighborhoods in Denmark: A cross-sectional study”, “Two communities, one highway and the struggle for clean air: The role of political history in shaping community engagement and environmental health research translation.”

Brookings Institution: “Closing the racial wealth gap requires a heavy, progressive tax on wealth.”

Cancer drugs: “Overall Survival, Side Effects, and Economic Burden in Patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Receiving Systemic Therapy: Real-World Evidence from the Medicare Population.”

The future of the earth: “Widespread Racial and Class Differences in Extreme Urban Surface Heat in the United States.”

Health & Place: “The active city? Differences in the supply of urban public recreational resources.”

HealthyPeople.gov: “Access to Health Services.”

Internal Revenue Service: “Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC).”

JAMA Oncology: “Out-of-Pocket Spending and Financial Burden Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Cancer.”

Journal of Thoracic Disease: “Air Pollution and Chronic Respiratory Disease: What Should People Know and Do?”

Kaiser Family Foundation: “ACA Coverage Extensions and Low Income Workers,” “How Does US Health Spending Compare to Other Countries?”

FREOPP.org: “United States #6 in the 2021 World Index of Healthcare Innovation.”

Future Science OA: “The Effects of Chronic Stress on Health: New Insights into the Molecular Mechanisms of Brain-Body Communication.”

The Journal of the American Medical Association: “Income, Poverty, and Health Inequality,” “The Association Between Income and Life Expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014.”

Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report: “Annual Out-of-Pocket Spending and Financial Difficulty in Cancer Survivors Ages 18-64 – United States, 2011-2016,” “Vital Signs: Racial Differences in Age-Specific Mortality Among Blacks or African Americans – United States, 1999-2015.”

National Institutes of Health: “Healthy Habits Can Extend Life.”

Pamela D., patient, Texas.

Paula Braveman, MD, director, Center for Health Equity, University of California, San Francisco.

Pew: “HUD spends millions on lead reduction. Why are public housing authorities still struggling?”

Steven Woolf, MD, Director Emeritus, Center on Society and Health, Virginia Commonwealth University.

Sumir Sahgal, MD, Founder, Medical Director, Essen Health Care.

The Commonwealth Fund: “Why Even Healthy Low Income People Have Greater Health Risks Than Higher Income People.”

the lancet: “Popular Health in an Era of Rising Income Inequality: USA, 1980-2015.”

The American Institute of Stress: “Stress, Aging, and Telomeres.”

Yale School of the Environment: “Flood risk for low-income homes in the US could triple by 2050.”