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Report: AWS, Azure, and GCP Evaluated for Overall Performance – Which is Best?

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An annual report produced by Cockroach Labs finds a statistical dead heat among the three major cloud providers. The report evaluates AWS, Azure, and GCP performance for common Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) workloads. Tests show that all three cloud providers offer price-competitive options as well as peak performance for OLTP applications, indicating a shift in the market as the industry matures operationally and standardizes linear pricing models.

This year, the report benchmarked 56 instance types and 107 discrete configurations and performed 3,000+ runs on the following broad axes, including OLTP performance, CPU performance, network performance, and storage I/O performance. In addition, this year’s report improved the test design configuration for all tests and added testing for instances of different sizes; latency between regions; storage tests with fsync; variable complexity of the OLTP workload; and 12x longer throughput test time, from 60 seconds per test earlier to 12 minutes per test.

The report shows AMD beating Intel in overall performance: machines with AMD Milan (EPYC Gen 3) processors claimed the top positions in both CPU benchmarking and OLTP testing for both large and small instance types. In recent years, Intel led the pack in overall performance, with AMD competing on value for money. This year, both the overall performance leader and the price-for-performance leader were AMD-based instances.

In addition, all three clouds have price-competitive offerings: When it comes to price (and performance), all three clouds were in a statistical dead heat. Even slightly more expensive instance and storage combinations are potentially highly competitive, depending on the requirements of a specific workload.

Finally, storage and transfer costs have a disproportionate impact on total operating costs: “hidden” costs of storage and data transfer can have a greater impact on total costs than the price of the instances themselves, especially when it comes to building a very resilient state application.

Read the full report from Cockroach Labs.

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